I Found A Listing For A Grumman LLV With An Isuzu Engine And Frame. Help Me Understand If This Is Homemade Or A Legit Prototype


This morning, my wife sent me a listing for one of my dream cars, the Grumman LLV [Editor’s Note: … -DT]. I dismissed the listing because while the truck was clean, its dying Isuzu engine meant it would be yet another project, and I don’t want another project car. But before I closed the tab, curiosity struck. An Isuzu engine? That’s not what’s normally in these things. And there’s more than just an Isuzu engine, as the truck appears to be the familiar LLV postal truck body riding on a modified Isuzu Rodeo frame. What’s going on here?

Last month, my wife, Sheryl, learned that one of my dream cars is a Grumman Long Life Vehicle (LLV). If you’ve received a piece of mail just about any time in the past nearly four decades, chances are your mail carrier rolled up in one of these white trucks. These machines are an icon of the United States Postal Service and arguably as tied to the image of America, much like the Wienermobile or the Corvette. The LLV is an imperfect creation–one that drivers get baked in during the summer–but all of us at the Autopian are in love with them. I’m sure we’d eaxh take one if a bunch ever came up for sale.

Personally, I’d love to take an LLV and make it a mobile motorcycle garage, or perhaps a tiny camper. I’d love to just drive the little guy around, foot hanging on the propped-open sliding door’s sill like I’m driving a Jeep. Heck, these would probably be pretty fun Gambler 500 vehicles, too. Sadly, right now it seems difficult to find these trucks for sale. Seeing my disappointment in not finding any to buy, Sheryl set Facebook to notify her whenever one came up for sale. One popped up yesterday, and it’s different than you’d expect.

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Posted on the public Grumman Olson Kubvan Owners Facebook group yesterday is an LLV that at first sight looks pretty mint. It wears a body cleaner than some of the trucks currently in service and the seller claims that it has just 27 miles on its odometer. Then things immediately get weird.

The seller says that under the aluminum body is not the Chevrolet S-10 and Iron Duke that would normally be there. And there isn’t the later LN2 four-cylinder, either. No, under the hood of this truck is an Isuzu 6VD1 3.2-liter V6. And the chassis? A code engraved on it suggests that the box is riding on an Isuzu Rodeo’s chassis.

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As the Smithsonian National Postal Museum writes, when the United States Postal Service needed new vehicles, it used to choose an off-the-shelf vehicle. If you’ve read David’s work for long enough then you’re aware of the Jeep Dispatcher, a little mail-hauling Jeep that served postal duty for many years. When the 1980s rolled around, the USPS was looking to replace the Dispatcher, and this time, the postal service wanted to do something different. Postal officials sought to create the perfect mail truck, and gave manufacturers these requirements, from the Smithsonian:

Officials required that the manufacturers produce a vehicle with a weather-tight aluminum alloy body. The body had to be easy to enter and exit for carriers ranging from 4’11” tall to those standing at 6’2” and 210 pounds. Finally, and most importantly, the vehicle had to be able to run twenty hours a day, seven days a week, month after month, year after year.

Three finalists were chosen from Grumman and General Motors, Poveco, and American Motors. And those finalists were subjected to some torturous endurance testing:

Drive 5,760 miles on a closed loop 5-mile-long paved road at 50 to 55 mph
Drive 11,520 miles over a gravel road at 30 to 45 mph
Drive 2,880 miles over a road with a shoulder, stopping every 250 feet and accelerating to 15 mph in between
Drive 960 miles over cobblestones that ranged from 3 to 4 inches high at 10 to 14 mph
Drive 960 miles over potholes at 10 to 14 mph
Haul a 1 -ton pound load during one half of the road test
Haul a man and a 400 pound load during one half of the road test
Drive over potholes ensuring that each wheel hits a pothole 35,000 times
Make one hundred consecutive stops from 15 mph

In the end, Grumman won out, and the Chevrolet S-10-based Long Life Vehicle went into service starting in 1987. The LLV was a smashing success for Grumman, so much that in 2011, the U.S. Government Accountability Office noted that there were about 141,000 of them still in service. And those trucks are running on those old S-10 bones.

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In a 1987 issue of Grumman World, Grumman Allied Division President Ron Peterson told the paper that Grumman was brewing up a commercial version of the LLV. The commercial version was going to be different from the USPS version by having a choice of options like paint schemes. It wasn’t even going to be built in the same factory. It looked like this truck was going to be the spiritual successor to the Volkswagen-powered KubVan. In that interview, Peterson noted that Grumman had built prototypes based on an Isuzu chassis. Sure enough, as the Los Angeles Times reported in 1986, Isuzu and Grumman entered into a partnership to create walk-in delivery trucks.

[Author’s note: A previous version of this story noted that Grumman was looking to create a sports car. As it turns out, I got caught up in one of Jason Torchinsky’s weird completely made-up histories. You got me again, Jason!]

Alright, so is this a prototype for that venture? Well, I’m not sure. When you look at the engine under the hood of this LLV, it’s clearly an Isuzu V engine from the 1990s. And when you look at the underbody and pull the code etched on the frame (UER25FW-4110361) you’ll get results for the Isuzu Wizard, which was sold in America as the Rodeo.

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Look at another picture and you’ll find a control module with “8093657690” and “3.2L” printed on it. That suggests that the engine is an Isuzu 6VD1, an engine used from 1992 to 2002 and one of the engines that was available for the Wizard/Rodeo.

The Isuzu parts continue inside, where you’re presented with parts of a Rodeo’s dashboard, steering wheel, and shifter. This particular dash design was introduced during 1995. The seller thinks that this is a prototype from 1998 or 1999, making it younger than any normal LLV. If true, that means that this truck has 205 HP going to its rear wheels, far more than the about 90 ponies offered in the USPS LLVs.

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Well, at one point it may have had that much power. While there’s just 27 miles indicated on the odometer, the engine apparently has a bad knock. So, it’s living on borrowed time. It’s unclear why this engine is in such bad shape.

A few of us in the Autopian office tried to figure this truck out. We’ve found that the LLV’s wheelbase (100.5 inches) is shorter than the 106.4-inch wheelbase of the 1998 Isuzu Rodeo. Older Rodeos have two additional inches of wheelbase. And just for another comparison, the Amigo, a sibling of the Rodeo, rode on a 96.9-inch wheelbase in 1998.

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Looking closer at the pictures, it looks like this truck is ever so slightly longer in the middle than a regular LLV. For an unscientific test, I counted the number of rivets between rear wheel well and the door. A regular LLV has seven, but this has nine. It seems that the LLV body was stretched to fit the longer Isuzu wheel base. And considering how well done it is, I think that this was a factory job.

This truck is seemingly a decade newer than Grumman’s plan to enter into the commercial market. I tried to find some sort of explanation for its existence, but have come up empty. Grumman wanted to sell the LLV to commercial delivery operators, but it seems that this didn’t go as planned. Is this a second attempt to enter the LLV into commercial market?

This is where you sleuths may help us. Do you know anything about this truck? If so, we want to know! Otherwise, you can pick it up for $3,500 from the seller in central Pennsylvania. The little truck was listed once back in August without any bites. This time, it seems LLV fans want it. So if you want it, you might have to move fast.

(Photos to the seller unless otherwise noted.)


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40 Responses

  1. I work for a company who’s owns a subsidiary that makes parts for USPS’s LLVs… I would almost guarantee that fan in the cab was made by them. I’m actually tempted by this at $3500. We have a few “demo” LLVs that we use for testing part fitment and such and we use them for hauling stuff around the complex, and it makes me want one for myself.

    1. In one of the press materials released during the 1980s, Peugeot described its test procedures for evaluating the strength and endurance of its prototypes and eventually production versions. The drivers could only last two hours over the rough roads in Morocco before handing the torch to the next round of drivers. The drivers reported having the bruised kidneys and painful sensations in their arms and legs (similar to what you feel after using jackhammer for so long). They didn’t want to continue driving after resting up a bit.

      Inexplicably, the regular folks in Africa seem to be immune from those “shaking car” symptoms. They’d drive on the rough roads for hours at end between the towns with no “complaints”. I suppose it’s different when your life depends on transporting the cargo and people for wages.

  2. I’m no help other than to say that my personal experience of that particular engine in the Holden Rodeo’s of our government fleet at the time was not a positive experience. Rear wheel traction when unladen was woeful and the cable accelerator was undamped so, when you were off-road, the engine surged and what have you as your foot bounced up and down on the accelerator. The 2.8 litre turbo diesel equipped Rodeo might have been slower but it was so much nicer…

  3. Could it have been a body built by the factory for their Isuzu-based prototype in the 1980s, then sold off as surplus when that project got scrapped, only to be mounted on a newer/better Isuzu frame by the new owner later on? Or perhaps, it was never even mounted on a chassis from the start, and was just used for body engineering.

    Another possibility – ex-Grumman employee who worked on the original program in the ’80s, was pissed it was cancelled, and decided to homebrew his own version later.

    Also – Ford and Utilimaster partnered around this time to built a run of postal delivery vehicles called the FFV, delivered ca. 1999-2002, which used a Ford Explorer chassis – superficially similar to the LLV, but with a longer wheelbase and different front end with bigger quarter windows. Is there a possibility that some of this body might have come from one of those? Maybe the box behind the seat.

  4. I’m pretty sure this is a body swap because you can’t register 99.99% of the LLVs that were made as a civilian, so you gotta switch out the frame.

    It’s a shame, I always thought the LLV would make an awesome Snap On Van or an awesome motorcycle van.

  5. I would check with Wheeler Bros out of Somerset PA. They won a bid back in 2011 or so to build a repowered LLV, but it used a modern four cylinder (maybe an Ecotec but can’t remember). Maybe they experimented with a different chassis back in 2000 or so.

    1. They’re now Wheeler Fleet Solutions. (Source: I work in their HQ building, writing this from there, haha)

      The story I’ve heard from the folks internally is that they actually did all of the work on that on their own (long before that supposed contract) to give them a modern drivetrain and had a drop-in conversion kit ready to go to sell to USPS, but USPS didn’t want to upgrade them, so the whole project got scrapped and was just chalked up as a loss.

      In the early 00’s they were experimenting with different cube-shaped vehicles to try to convert them into an “LLV-lite”, but that never went beyond a personal project of one of the Wheeler boys, as far as I know.

  6. When you said Isuzu engine, I was expecting a slow but dead reliable diesel. This is rather disappointing in comparison.

    USPS appears to be taking the UPS approach to the LLV. On my infrequent runs to the non-automotive scrap yard there’s always a pile waiting for disposal.

  7. I can’t see from the pictures, but if it has an A/C compressor (or an empty bracket) it’s a body swap. And is that an airbag in the steering wheel?
    There’s zero chance the Post office of that era would allow that.

  8. The Isuzu 3.2 and 3.5 engines from the era (6VD1 and 6VE1) had a notorious oil burning issue due to a design flaw. The oil drain-back channels on the sides of the pistons were too narrow and would become clogged with carbon buildup, even at low mileage. The engines will run forever so long as you regularly check and add oil. But many didnt do that and ended up trashing their engines. I have a 99 Trooper with 100800 miles and it can burn up to a couple of quarts per week sometimes. and other times it will go 2 weeks without burning any. Its very strange.

    the oil only fix for the issue is to remove the pistons and manually widen the drain-back channels, and add a couple more as well. As far as I know, no one makes an aftermarket piston for these engines that addresses the issue.

    1. That’s pretty common on modern engines. The oil cokes up the drainage holes in the piston. Toyota, GM, Volvo, Audi and Subaru are all known for this if the oil isn’t changed often enough (ie more frequently than the mfg calls for).

        1. There’s a note there, now! For five freaking years I’ve legitimately believed that Grumman wanted to make a sports car. Apparently I missed that sentence at the end of Jason’s article until I read it again today. David apparently didn’t notice, either.

          How many other fake histories am I believing to be true? Did Smart actually sell cars in America?

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