Cars and video games have been linked for a long, long time. Racing and driving games were some of the earliest video games around, and have been a staple for years. Aside from actually driving cars in games, other aspects of the automotive world haven’t been as well represented. There was one strange and notable exception from nearly 40 years ago, an attempt to bring auto repair into the realm of video games. I’m not certain I’d call it successful, but it was fascinating, and was a precursor to modern engine diagnostic training simulations today. It was a program called Injured Engine, from 1984.
Injured Engine was published by Imagic, a company that was the second third-party video game developer ever: Activision was the first, founded by disgruntled Atari employees, and soon after that other Atari programmers left, emboldened by Activision’s success, and founded Imagic, which released its first Atari 2600 games in 1982.
The company started with some very good but fairly conventional games: shooting games, strategy games, adventure games, and so on. That’s why I think Injured Engine is so interesting, because it came out only two years after Imagic’s first batch of games, and is something so very different.
Injured Engine was a game, but it also was something a bit more, something that perhaps approaced the idea of a simulation, albeit a very limited one. It was only released for two platforms, the Apple II series and the Commodore 64, both popular home computers of the time, and both having more power than most of the video game consoles then widely available, which made sense, since it seemed to have somewhat bigger goals.
It’s hard to find much information about the game; the concept was by Dave Johnson, who programmed the Commodore version, and the Apple version was programmed by Tom McWilliams. Karen Eliott did the design, and, I have to say, did a truly masterful job, especially considering the era.
The Apple II version was capable of using what was known as the Double High Resolution mode, which required 128K but could offer 560×192 resolution with 16 colors. The true color resolution was more like 140×192, but with black and white you could get the full 560–you can see an example of what I mean in this screenshot; look how smooth the ring around the tachometer is, white on black, compared to the fan, which is over blue:
See how much finer the resolution is there, the smoothness of that curve? Hot damn. A discussion of Apple II graphics weirdness and quirks is not really why you’re likely here, but trust me when I say that Karen there did a fantastic job with these graphics, and I hope she knows I appreciate the work that went into it. Also, note I was using a real composite CRT monitor for these images and a real Apple //c computer, because emulators do not get these sorts of graphics right. Just trust me on this one.
Anyway, back to what this “game” actually is: it’s an engine diagnostics training simulator, really, just presented as a sort of puzzle game. The premise is that you’re a mechanic, and someone has brought their car into your shop.
You can pick if the car is on the road with 1,000, 40,000 or 80,000 miles, or if it’s come into your shop with some number of problems. The engine is always a simple inline-four with a carburetor –remember, in 1984, fuel injection was still not as universal as it is now! And, no, I haven’t quite figured out what that car in the title screen is supposed to be, but it doesn’t really seem like something that would have a little inline-four.
You can start the engine and see what it does, complete with crude sound effects, and then you basically try to figure out what’s wrong, using the same kind of processes of elimination you’d use on any car that you were trying to figure out why it wasn’t running.
It can be challenging! Here’a a little snippet of gameplay:
Sometimes I’ve been able to figure out the issue pretty quickly, but, as you can see, not this time. It’s not exactly detailed, but it does encourage you to think diagnostically: what’s the engine not getting? Spark, fuel, air? What’s keeping it from idling?
Each subsystem that you pick to investigate has its own screen, and there’s an impressive amount of detail, at least when you consider all of this had to fit on one 143K diskette.
There’s also explainers for everything, which makes for a great little tutorial of what all the greasy things under your hood actually do and what they’re called.
It’s also set up with a timer and monetary tally in many cases, so it encourages good mechanic habits like checking simple things first so you don’t blow a lot of time and money down a fruitless path. It’s simple and strangely engaging, and it’s not a bad way to learn the fundamentals of how engines work.
If you look at modern engine diagnostic training simulation software, it’s very easy to see how much Injured Engine feels like the ancestor to these sophisticated tools:
Injured Engine got pretty decent reviews back in the day, but overall I don’t think most mass-market computer-game buyers knew quite what to do with it. It seems that in addition to the Apple and Commodore versions, IBM PC and Atari versions were planned, but didn’t seem to happen, I suspect because of slow sales, and a downturn in the video game market in general around that time.
Thanks to the magic of modernity, you can try Injured Engine online, thanks to the Internet Archive’s in-browser emulator.
This game is a fascinating artifact of the intersection of video games and automobiles, and while it’s not going to make you an expert mechanic at all, I bet it’ll help you think through diagnostic problems the next time you’re stuck trying to figure out why the hell your car won’t crank over.
Plus, it’ll give me a reason to bore you to tears talking about Apple II graphics the next time we meet. Oh, will you be sorry.
I thought this article was going to include what was the basis for the car they used in the game?
At first it looks like a Buick Reatta, but it came out much later in the 80s.
Then I turned my attention to this:
I had this on C64, and spent hours playing it. It was strangely addictive, but didn’t have a long shelf life once you’d solved the hardest mode.
It’s probably still in a box at my mum’s place.
INJURED ENGINE is an amazing name
I had Car Builder for the Apple II – It would take you through the design process, let you pick an engine, transmission, steering, etc., give it a (basic) shape, then it would test drive it and give you feedback on what could be improved. I’m guessing you have that one on a floppy somewhere…
Man! I have to hunt that down and try it. Also you can talk all day about Apple II graphics. I had a green screen on my IIe so I never saw the odd coloration until much later in life.
You guys should make a new version called ‘Crippled Chassis’ that features vehicles from the David Tracy collection. David could then crowd-source solutions to things like raking mouse debris from the cab of a dilapidated Jeep FC, resolving overheating damage done to a Jeep XJ, and so on.
If that works, then feed all the game results into an AI system that can solve any shadetree mechanic’s dilemma. Think of it as the ‘Armada’ or ‘War Games’ of automotive repair. Don’t tell anybody about it, and request 10% of the profits for my idea.
It was pretty common for video game cars to be “reminiscent” of actual cars without looking like them too much (to avoid IP issues). To me, this car looks sorta like a Bricklin SV-1 with an aero/bubble rear window.
Jason, my man, I just want to throw in more thanks for this kind of content. The Autopian is exactly all the reading I never knew I needed.
God damnit, Jason. Now I gotta get my IIc down from the shelf and plug it in to play this game? Thanks a lot.
Also Street Rod 2 (https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Street_Rod_2) was super awesome back in the day, too.
the street rod games were fun and so were gearhead garage
Had I known about this game back then, many of my friends and family members would not have died from dysentery.
“Kraked by the Disk Jockey”
Jason, surely you aren’t using pirated software!!!
Am I the only one that is deeply disturbed by the fact that Jason didn’t finish diagnosing the engine in his video? That’s like knocking ‘shave-and-a-haircut’ and not finishing it, Roger Rabbit style!
Diskettes, you kids and your technology, why in my day we loaded our programs off cassettes and we liked it 😉
Hey! I’m *still* looking for the any key.
I remember copying C64 games by playing the audio and recording it on a portable tape recorder before we had double tape decks. Success rate was not great.
Tell me you kept playing and figured out what was wrong with that engine! There’s not that much to check, and yet it wasn’t even close to starting. I mean, costs be damned, we’ve got to restore that Mazda Porsche-arri!
I’m guessing Fiero, or that’s as close as it’ll get. Near exotic styling and an Iron Duke.
In the same era, Intellivision (the Pepsi to Atari’s Coke) had a similar M.O. game called Bomb Squad.
Intriguingly complex, it was exactly what it sounds like – you had to defuse convoluted bomb structures, relying on logic and spatial understanding as the timer counted down.
No where near as playable as Space Invaders, but sure got points for the novelty.
Now we have a modern version… https://www.carmechanicsimulator.com/en/
Never tried it though
Amazing! That’s exactly how I imagined Jason’s basement to be, just full of the weird & wonderful!
He totally is! If you look for some of his old Jalopnik videos, you’ll can see all sorts of old computers and video games in his basement.
So, Jason is also a computer nerd? +1 Respect
It’s not perfect, but you can also play this game online.
No edit ability? Hmmm.
Anyway… that was for the C64 version.
You can play the Apple ][ version (after installing a browser extension for Chrome) at http://www.virtualapple.org/injuredenginedisk.html
We’re working on edit ability. And, I have a link in the story to play it online with no extensions needed; trying both the C64 and A2 versions is fun, also– C64 has vastly better audio, but I think the graphics aren’t quite as nice in this rare instance.
Poor Imagic. It looks like they didn’t survive the video game crash of ‘83. Their Wikipedia page doesn’t even mention Injured Engine.
I’m always impressed when I think about how much they could do with very little working memory or storage back then, but this one boggles the mind. The level to which they had to optimize and the limits they pushed…
I was not aware of this game back then, but I like to think I would have at least given it a go. Thank you for showing us this gem.
1984, I bet that was a not-quite RX-7.
(The picture I mean, obviously not the engine)
It is significantly newer, but I think My Summer Car forces you to learn mechanics too! Unfortunately I’ve never played it so I can’t say for sure.
My DD is newer and forces me to learn mechanics, but not in a fun way 🙁
“My Summer Car” is one of the the most significant video games ever created, up there with “Sons of Liberty” and “Deus Ex.” Seriously, it’s incredible.
I would pay many several dollars for Jason and David to do a Let’s Play of “My Summer Car.”
Those two playing MSC would just be perfect.
It would be nice to see this become a kinda-semi-regular series. Love video games, and cars.
I’ll have to save up and buy it then!