It’s always depressing to see when people have the answer right in their hands yet are either totally unaware of it or unwilling to act. In the automotive world, the minivan is one of those innovations where the parties that essentially came up with the idea totally missed the boat.
You probably think I’m talking about Ford, the company that developed the MiniMax concept in the seventies, only to have the project nixed by the guy whose name was on the building. This idea was famously implemented at Chrysler with massive success by guys that Henry Ford II fired.
source: Dean’s Garage
No, I’m here to talk Volkswagen group. Most enthusiasts know that the VW Bus revival (now the electric ID. Buzz) has been floated around for nearly two decades; an immense amount of time to wait for something that is likely to be a smash hit. Yet that’s not the vehicle I am referring to.
One of the VW Group’s acquisitions over the years was Auto Union, a group of four brands of which only Audi survives today. Note that Wanderer brand logo- Volkswagen should sue Weezer and Wonder Woman for copyright infringement.
credit: Marketing Mind
A now-defunct brand from this group was DKW, a firm that made something called the Schnellaster from 1949 to 1962. This little van is likely one of Torch’s favorite vehicles since it’s
1.) from a defunct German manufacturer related to VW
2.) has less than 50 horsepower
3.) is sort of silly looking in a rather cute way
Odd looking as this thing is, it’s actually a rather unrecognized innovator. It features a transverse front drivetrain, a flat floor, and seating for up to seven people in a small space. It’s essentially the blueprint for the modern minvan in 1949.
What did Volkswagen do with this innovative concept? Nothing. Absolutely nothing.
So many other companies saw the value and floated ideas of little vans, my favorite being the Greatest Concept Car Of All Time, the AM Van. This hilarious show car never got off the ground, and it’s not like American Motors had a platform that could make it work anyway. It’s a crime that this thing never came to life; I still smile each time I see it.
What about an alternate reality where the VW Group actually DID do something with this Schnellaster formula?
The Alternate Reality
Let’s say it’s the late seventies, and Wolfsburg needs a new small commercial vehicle, a size below the Type II ‘Bus’. Volkswagen then discovers a fun fact: the overall length and wheelbase of the Golf is within a few inches of the old Schnellaster, making it a great platform for a little truck. During this time, I cannot overstate how successful the new Golf/Rabbit was on the market, and deservedly so. It was an excellent car with very few rivals that offered anywhere near the same level of sophistication. Also, if there is thing that the Golf lacked it was a station wagon, which at the time was a still-popular body style. What if they made a passenger version of this new little van instead to fill the the void?
Presenting the DKW 1600 Combi, and old name on a modern mini-mini van. Of course, in the United States that DKW name would not fly, and instead this thing could be sold as a Volkswagen. I thought about Rabbit Wagon but then decided on Duck (DKW=Duck, like the old amphibious vehicle). Like The VW Thing, it’s a cute name, and BOY is this ever disgustingly cute.
source: The Bishop and netcarshow
This vehicle would be available as a five passenger wagon with windows all around, and available tiny center-facing jump seats in the cargo area to take seven people in a pinch. The seats can be removed for a full cargo area, just like the old Schnellaster. There would also be a pickup version with two seats mounted outside in the bed to avoid the Chicken Tax as was done with the Subaru BRAT. With Rabbit/Golf mechanicals it would be a blast to drive as long as you didn’t want to go fast (the gas version had nearly 80 horsepower but the Diesel version had 48, or less than 7 horsepower per passenger if all the seats were filled…still, Torch says that 50HP is all you need).
source: The Bishop, netcarshow, and Car & Driver
My favorite version, of course, would be the windowless commercial version (with one siding rear door on the passenger’s side), because it could be outfitted with a stripe and trim package to take advantage of the seventies Custom Van trend (see Pinto Cruising Wagon). It’s called the Autobahn Package since people in Germany loved to drive down the highway in cars with giant red and orange graphics and eagle stickers. While talking on CB radios. I can just see VW of America execs trying to convince German superiors to allow a ‘bubble window’. Still, it would HAVE to happen:
source: Jalopnik/Volkswagen and The Bishop
The funky nose of the Schnellaster is retained, with sunken eyes in the sloping surface (in place of much cooler glassed-in lights that Euro market DKW models would have). There is a VW logo to give an identity but small to not tread too heavily on the Type II ‘Bus’. To make the Duck look not as tall, there are black trims below the glass to visually give the impression of larger windows; on front they house HVAC intake vents and turn signals, while the sides hide the door handles. The whole thing looks more like the front of a Metro train than a street vehicle.
At the back, I needed to look at Jason’s idea for a fold down tailgate and ramp. I wouldn’t make the whole door fold as he did, but a ‘clamshell’ two part gate. There could be an expandable frame in the lower tailgate and fold over floor to allow the tailgate to form such a ramp; I would likely make this optional since the weight, cost, and complexity might not be worth it for buyers that would never use it.
source: The Bishop
The dash would be like the original Schnellaster with the gauges and controls dead center, leaving enormous expanses for storage on either side. With the depth of the windshield you might have more cargo space in the three gloveboxes than total in some sports cars.
source: Car & Driver, Pinterest, and The Bishop
Would this have been a popular vehicle? I have to believe that with the utility and economy it offered, combined with it’s fun-to-drive characteristics and smile-inducing looks, it would have been perfect for the times and a get-my-checkbook runaway success.
Why didn’t VW do something like this, or ANYTHING similar to the later-much-copied Schnellaster? My only wild ass guess would be that it didn’t want to cannibalize Type II Bus sales, even though something like this would have been a smaller, much different vehicle. Compounding the problem was that Volkswagen held on to the aptly-titled sit-over-the-wheels ‘Bus’ and the rear engine concept far too long (like with the 411/412) and by the time they wised up it was too late to have anything competitive.
The irony is that despite essentially owning the concept of the modern minivan for seventy-five years, Volkswagen ended up ultimately selling a rebadge Chrysler minivan in America (the forgettable Routan) before abandoning the market altogether.
No, I just made up and Photoshopped that last one…didn’t I?
VW *did* build a more utilitarian version of the Golf in the late-70’s, the VW Caddy pickup (apparently sold as the ‘Rabbit Pickup’ in the US). Not a mini-(micro-?)van sure, but they definitely already had the ‘small pickup’ segment covered. Personally I think they look great 🙂
It wasn’t until the 19090’s that they built an estate version of the Golf though.
Congratulations you have copied the vans from the cartoons I watched as a kid very well. Also why does every car website journalist think a car car platform with a van body no matter how small fills the role of a small van. These puny cars have a weight limit of 400 pounds. So 2 people and all the helium filled balloons you can fit.. Or 1 person and 10 plants. A cargo van needs the ability to haul cargo that weighs something. That’s why they don’t put a 3 cylinder motor in a semi. That’s why a trailer can have up to 18 wheels. I guess designers don’t worry about practicality or physics.
Quick, someone tell postwar VW and 1980s Chrysler their car platform vans aren’t feasible!
Your 78 VW Duck has the face of a semi famous robot but I can’t quite put my finger on it. Help! Also, nice work.
Iwannadrive637- I can’t think of it either. Iwas thinking more about HR Puffinstuff. Even thought that was old when I was watching cartoons it still dates me.
I’ll be darned. I see it. My little sister adored that show and now that theme song is haunting me.
That show always creeped me out. And the creators are STILL denying what ‘HR Puffinstuff’ REALLY meant. Come on, weed is legal now! “Can’t do a little ‘cuz he can’t do enough”…yeah.
Oh man, I kinda dig that!
Thing is, the Schnellaster did have a successor, just not where you’d expect it. Well before Auto Union was absorbed by VW, it was majority-owned by Mercedes-Benz, which kept its commercial vehicle business. The Schnellaster had already been licensed out to a Spanish company called IMOSA, which kept close links to Mercedes and further developed the Schnellaster, re-engining it with a Mercedes diesel engine and rebodying it with a Fissore design to make the Spanish-market Mercedes-Benz N-series van in the 1960s. IMOSA ultimately became a fully-owned Mercedes subsidiary, and the N-series was succeeded by the MB-series in the 1980s, which started being exported to the rest of Europe. In the 1990s, the MB-series was succeeded by the Vito/V-series, which is now by its third generation, sold in the North American market as the Metris…
The story of Auto Union passing through Mercedes and then taking over VW from the inside (kind of like NeXT took over Apple in the 90s, providing the architecture for all that came after) is just fascinating to me. Thanks for the details on how the van division leads straight through to the Metris, I had no idea.
That is amazing! Thanks for connecting all of those dots to find real successor.
The front reminds me of a Reliant TW9 (a.k.a. Reliant Ant):
There’s a bunch of cars this thing ended up looking like- one in particular being that little Commutacar electric thing, which proportionally is about ten feet too short to pull it off. Plus the detailing is horrendous on it. Even Bond Bug.
Seeing a Routan in the wild is definitely one of those things that gets me excited all over again about the ridiculousness and has my partner rolling her eyes about what a dork I am.
The one and only Routan I remember seeing around town was the VW dealer’s service shuttle.
nlpnt- it’s really sad they ended up doing that. Again, putting their bets on the rear drive bus worked for a long time, but later on it became like Moe in Simpsons where he invested in a mechanical bull instead of cable TV for the bar.
There’s a VW dealer less than two miles from me. Even so, I’ve seen only a few Routans ever.
They were a little different than the Chryslers in the way they drive, but cost more, and they didn’t come with big discounts from MSRP when new. If I was in the market for a Chrysler minivan of that age today, I would definitely prefer the Routan if you can find one. When new, they weren’t worth the VW premium over their brethren, but in the used market they sell for about the same money.
(re: the Wanderer logo) “Volkswagen should sue Weezer and Wonder Woman for copyright infringement.
I always kind of felt the Weezer logo was more an intentionally ironic ripoff of the Van Halen logo.
OrigamiSensei- that’s true; that will work in court. I was just kidding. But the Wonder Woman logo…
mabus: Exactly! Just look at that DKW- a 1949 car!! They had the solution right there.
benlowrider- that’s true, but it’s a bigger vehicle. And the point is that the Scnellaster is a smaller vehicle with a passenger version, but more importantly it is a brand and design that VW captured and did not pursue even though time and time again they had the ingredients right there. This is NOT a company that should have been selling rebadged Dodges (in fact, Chrysler used Golf/Rabbit drivetrain in the earliest Omni /Horizon)
This is a car that assumed-I’d-dd-a-roadster-as-an-adult young me would have thought was weird and silly and probably embarrassing, but actual-grown-up me wishes I could buy today
The duck name is my favorite part here (the alt reality setup notwithstanding) for fitting in with the overall VW zeitgeist so well. I mean the good one, not the current we’re massive liars one.
It’s interesting to me how a good name can help set the tone for and public perception of a carmaker for years if not decades to come. Ford’s best stuff has had strong but still majestic animal names, while Dodge loves brute power/danger.
Jake Trade- my only minor concern is that the military vehicle used the same name, but I doubt that would be an issue. A discontinued WW2 amphibious truck.
I figure given that the Beetle is one of the most beloved cars on the planet and nobody really cares about its origin, there’d be no problem here. Might even help sales in the U.S. market I bet, people on the fence about buying something with a seeming fun name…
The Citroën H van was launch one year earlier 1948 and have all these innovation except longitudinal over transversal engine from the traction avant, and they did something out of it for more than 30 years.