I don’t have a good explanation why, but lately I’ve been kind of fascinated by automotive homophones: cars that share a name. Just a bit ago I wrote about the two extremes of cars named Parisienne, and now I’d like to tell you about a few cars that share the name of, depending on what you prefer as a reference, a large 19th century merchant oceangoing vessel or an electromechanical handheld tool for trimming hair or fur, or both. This name has come up perhaps more often than you realize, and for a really strikingly diverse range of vehicles. The name I’m talking about, of course, is Clipper.
I’ve been aware of some of these cars for a long time, but the reason I decided to write about it now is because I just recently learned that a car I’ve been familiar with for years went by this name, at least for a short period and in specific markets. And it’s not a car that I think most of us associate with the Clipper name at all, which is why it’s so interesting. So let’s start with that one.
The One That Surprised Me: Volkswagen Clipper (Type 2)
Wait, what the hell is this? VW once called the Microbus the Clipper? I can’t think of a name that feels less VW than Clipper, especially in this era (around 1968). Remember, the official name of the Beetle was the incredibly emotive and powerful “Sedan,” and they called what most people called a Bus or Microbus or Hippy Van a “Station Wagon.”
In context, “Clipper” for a Type 2 Volkswagen Transporter sounds terribly weird. So what the hell was going on?
It seems that VW wanted a special name for Deluxe versions of the passenger-spec bus, often with a big steel sliding sunroof, from around 1968 to 1971 or so. These buses had all the candy, as long as your definition of “candy” means some extra chrome strips on interior padded panels and door cards, a clock in the dash, and a few other useful items, like those bars that surrounded the interior luggage area.
I have never heard anyone actually refer to a VW Bus as a Clipper, even if it was of this trim spec, but it definitely was a thing.
The One I Knew About: Packard Clipper
I think this is the one that most people would come up with if you asked them for an example of a car named Clipper, though I also think the set of people that would have any answer at all is not only tiny, but I bet almost all of them are reading this right now.
Packard started using the term “clipper” to refer to a general design language, but then used it to designate the low-end models in its lineups throughout the ’40s and into the 1950s. In 1953 it became a model range of its own, designed to be something that would compete in the mid range against more mainstream cars from Chevy and Ford.
In 1956, the Clipper name was spun off as its own independent brand, which was a strange call because Packard production of all kinds was shut down in July of 1956. Clippers came back as Packard-Clippers in 1957, but then they were badge-engineered Studebakers at that point.
The One That Now That I Think About It, I Have Seen Before: Allard Clipper
I think if you know of Allard at all, it’s in the context of some really fantastic British sports cars of the 1950s. Allards were impressive, fast sports cars in their day, which makes the contrast of this adorable plastic hunk of crap all the better.
Conceived in 1953 as a way to get in on booming postwar microcar demand in Britain and Europe, when people were broke but still had to get around, the minimalistic three-wheeled Clipper looked to fit the bill well. Designed by David Gottlieb, the Clipper would become Britain’s first fiberglass car, panels for which were laboriously made by one woman, Margaret Woolsey. The resulting car used a 346cc Villiers one-cylinder engine driving the left rear wheel only, and seems to have been plagued by cooling issues.
The car never really performed as was hoped or advertised, and speaking of ads, that one up there that claims 70 mpg appears to be using gnomes or leprechauns as models, because the car was, in reality, tiny.
Only about 20 were built before Allard shut the whole thing down in 1955. There only seems to be two surviving ones, one in the UK and one in Germany.
The One That’s A Truck: Nissan Prince Clipper
Prince was a Japanese carmaker that started making military hardware and airplanes, then moved into cars and trucks in the early 1960s, and was bought by Nissan in 1965. Nissan’s famous Skyline and Gloria models got their start as Princes, even. But we’re here to talk clippers, and there was a Nissan Prince Clipper, this unsually-designed cabover truck.
Look at that great front end, with the four ovals, the outer two tasked with casting light, the inner two dedicated to pulling air. The first era of Nissan Clipper trucks lasted from 1965 to 1972, and was re-born as a line of Kei-class trucks in the early 2000s, with a re-badged Suzuki Carry holding the Clipper name today.
The One That’s Very Rare: Trident Clipper
Look how fantastic that car up there looks! Near-perfect ’60s GT car design, if you ask me. That quick-looking little beast started off as a Ford V8-powered TVR project to compete with other coachbuilt GT cars of the era like ones from Aston Martin or Jaguar or a Jensen Interceptor or fast, elegant machines like that.
TVR being TVR, they went broke before they could get the thing to market (though they did build a prototype), but the car was reborn by a new company, Trident, and the car was now made of fiberglass instead of steel, but still with Ford V8 power. Other versions called the Venturer and Tycoon were offered, and the Clipper was switched to a Chrysler 5.6-liter V8 by 1971.
Production numbers for the Clipper seem really, really low, like count on one hand low if you include prototypes, and one finger if you limit to production cars, but, still, it is a Clipper and it did exist, so it counts.
The One I Can’t Find A Picture Of Or Anything: Clipper Steam Automobile
The limited information about this 1902 steam car consists of the name of its developer, Elmer Pratt, and that it was built in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Some sources have suggested its design was based on the Cartercar, a car known for its novel friction-drive system, but I’m a bit skeptical of this because the first Cartercars were built in 1903, and if you’re going to base something on something else, it’s helpful to have the thing your basing it on already existing.
So, I’m not really sure what to make of this earliest Clipper right now.
The One That’s Another Bonus VW One: The 1987-1993 VW Golf Cabrio Clipper
I guess VW really had a thing for the Clipper name, because “Clipper” became the designation for base trim-level VW Cabriolets in the UK from 1987 to 1993. Maybe this doesn’t exactly count because it’s a trim level as opposed to a unique model name, but still, it’s something, right?
Now, here’s the real question: which of these do you think was named for the majestic sailing ship, and which for the loud thing that makes your hair short?
Clipper lighters are coming to mind
Don’t forget the Murray Clipper https://www.mecum.com/lots/FL0116-234356/1950s-murray-clipper-pressed-steel-pedal-car/
There’s another reference that would have been much more familiar, at least to auto buyers of the ’40s and ’50s – the PanAm Clippers. They were massive flying boats that crossed oceans through 1948, were used almost exclusively by the very rich, and were luxurious enough to make those passengers happy. I think Packard might easily have picked up on the vibe, and then other manufacturers might have tried to pick up on that reference from Packard. Or, sometime car companies just don’t know how to market their cars well. But that almost never happens.
So many Clippers! Amazing that makers missed the great “ Chundan vallam” naming rights.
The Allard Clipper looks like something from a Tex Avery cartoon.
I think that Nissan truck has a couple of Pleiades on it.
Nice Subaru reference – and since Prince Motors belonged to the Fuji corporation from 1954 until 1961, there is a tenuous link, too.
In the interests of completeness Royal Enfield made a Clipper motorcycle in the 50s and BSA had a dirt bike called the B34 Alloy Clipper.
The one that lets you ride buses, trains and a boondoggle of an airport people-mover!
Clipper ships? Hair clippers? Yes, but whoever has worked retail may know this slick, ergonomic, classic machine
Really disappointed in you Torch. You need a picture of a rare car and can’t find it? I’m betting go to JaylenoGarage@.imricherthangod.com and I bet he has one.
What is the symbol for slightly sarcastic?
So wait, you’re a little ‘homophonic’ with a thing for automotive rear end lighting? I’m starting to feel like I can’t be reading this at work..
Gonna go out on a limb here and say the Allard was named after a different clipper – the nail clipper.
Fits with the size.
Bulova had a pretty sexy line of sport watches called the American Clipper from the 1930s through at least the 1960s (and even reissued a 1960s model a couple of years back).
Named after the ship I suspect, but then again, ’30s watches were kinda rectangular and ridge-d… 😉
Knowing this all, I think Chevy should have named their sports car the Clipper instead of Corvette. (Wikipedia)
(1) “A clipper was a type of mid-19th-century merchant sailing vessel, designed for speed. Clippers were generally narrow for their length, small by later 19th century standards, could carry limited bulk freight, and had a large total sail area. The term “clipper” most likely derives from the verb “clip”, which in former times meant, among other things, to run or fly swiftly.”
(2) “A corvette is a small warship. It is traditionally the smallest class of vessel considered to be a proper (or “rated”) warship. The warship class above the corvette is that of the frigate, while the class below was historically that of the sloop-of-war. The modern types of ships below a corvette are coastal patrol craft, missile boat and fast attack craft.”
Or at least the C1.
Then when the T-bird’s success prompted a reexamination of the package, Chevy could have changed the name to Corvette as well.
I think they were all named after the sailing ship and not with the name of a tool to cut hairs.
Ford used to name their break clipper, i remember the ford escort clipper, and still uses it for the Focus clipper https://www.automania.be/essais-marques/essais-ford-europe/la-ford-focus-clipper-un-break-elegant
But only in Francophone European nations, right?
I don’t know,
I heard that Packard sued VW over the Clipper name when the microbus came out but the suit was dropped when Packard went under. It was a close shave.
That ship sailed a long time ago
The VW ad did not have the word clipper anywhere in it.
Despite the logo in the ad, I feel the Allard was named after the hair trimming device. They seem about the same size.
Also, Prince Clipper sounds like a painful alternative to a Prince Albert.
Also also, I give this article 70/100 Renaults.
Thank you for THAT visual. Like I don’t have already have enough trouble sleeping at night.
And I believe you meant ‘MORE painful’
I wish there were more Trident Clippers and that I could afford one. I have a yen for all those weird 60s and 70s Euro GTs with big US V8 blocks and sexy coachbuilding. If I had Saudi Prince money, I’d have two of each.
ETA: ESPECIALLY an AC Frua:
If I had Saudi Prince money, I’d have two of each.
If I had Saudi Prince money I’d have my own factories cranking out all the things my heart desired: Singerized Porsche 904s, 1955 Mercedes 300SL gullwings,V16 LS swapped Ferrari 250 GT Californias, nitromethane snorting Yugo GT dragsters, W8 Fieros, unicorn and pixie powered Tatras, whatever.
Not sure if this vertical steam engine from 1887 is considered a “car” but it has four wheels, a steam engine, and a seat. So, maybe?
After further review of that image, it doesn’t look like the wheels are driven. It has a hitch in the front to move it around. Not a car.
Based on the sound of air cooled VW engines, I’m going to select Type 2 VW’s named after hair care equipment for $100, Alex.
I wish the Prince Clipper was a Subaru, just have to add a few stars to the left oval!
FWIW Prince has some common ancestry with Subaru since part of Prince Motor Company was a former division of Nakajima Aircraft called Fuji Precision Industries. The majority of Nakajima became Fuji Heavy Industries, the future Subaru.
The ins and outs of the post 1945 Japanese aircraft industry could be a book with who renamed, who spun off, merged and acquired, and who makes aircraft.
And this includes Tachikawa as well. I just spent four minutes trying to figure out who owned what through the 1950s and I know less now than I did before.
The only thing more confusing is the three separate branches into which Mitsubishi Heavy Industries were split in 1950, and the various mergers that followed.